الاحد, أوت 20, 2017
About Iran

THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

Located in southwest Asia, Iran is a country of mountains and deserts. Eastern Iran is dominated by a high plateau, with large salt flats and vast sandy deserts. The plateau is surrounded by even higher mountains, including the Zagros to the west and the Alborz to the north

 

History
Recent archaeological studies indicate that as early as 10,000 BC, people lived on the southern shores of the Caspian, one of the few regions of the world which, according to scientists escaped the Ice Age. They were probably the first men in the history of mankind to engage in agriculture and animal husbandry.

The official Iranian calendar regulates according to the Solar year and Iranian months. The spring equinox marks  the 1th of Farvardin the Iranian New Year known as Nowruz, which  was registered on the list of Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 2009.

 
 
 

THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN AT A GLANCE

   Location

SW Asia, 25-39.5 degrees North latitude,44-63 degrees East location Longitude

Area

1,648,195 km (636,368 square miles)

Population

76,420,000

Boundaries

Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Armenia and also Caspian Sea on the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan on the east, and Turkey and Iraq on the west, the Persian Gulf and the Sea of Oman on the south

Government

Islamic Republic

Capital

Tehran

Climate

Temperatures vary from a high of 51°C  in Khuzistan, at the head of the Persian Gulf, to a low of - 29°C in Azerbaijan in the northwest

Major Cities

Mashhad, Isfahan, Karaj, Tabriz, Shiraz, Ahvaz, Qom, Kermanshah, Urmia

Religion

98% Muslims, 2% Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians, etc.

Language

Persian is the official language of the majority. Also local dialects (Azari Turkish, Kurdish, Lori, Turkmen, Gilaki, …)are spoken

National & Ethnic Groups

Persians, Turks, Kurds,Baluchis, Lurs,Turkmans, Arabs, Armenians, Assyrians

Traditional Arts

Carpet weaving, metal working, silver and gold working, tile and ceramic firing, miniature painting

Currency

Rial   

 

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, the leader of the revolution and founder of the Islamic Republic at 1979. The Supreme Leader of Iran is responsible for delineation and supervision of "the general policies of the Islamic Republic of Iran".

After the Supreme Leader, the Constitution defines the President is in the highest state authority. He is elected by universal suffrage serves a four year term, and responsible for implementing the Constitution and exercising of executive powers, except for those issues directly related to the Supreme Leader, who has the final say in all matters.

Culture
The culture of Iran is a mix of ancient pre-Islamic and Islamic culture. Iranian culture has long been a predominant culture of the Middle East and Central Asia, with Persian considered the language of intellectuals during much of the 2nd millennium, and the language of religion and the populace before that. The Sassanid era was an important and influential historical period as Iranian culture.

 

Historical Periods

The first inhabitants of Iran were a race of people living in western Asia. When the Aryans arrived, they gradually started mingling with the native Asians. Aryans were a branch of people known today as Indo-Europeans, and are believed to be the ancestors of the people of present-day India, Iran and most of Western Europe. Recent discoveries indicate that, centuries before the rise of the earliest civilizations in Mesopotamia, Iran was inhabited by humans. However, the written history of Iran dates back to 3200 BC, beginning with the early Achaemenids, whose dynasty blossomed under the first Iranian empire. In 1979, under the leadership of Ayatollah Khomeini, the nation erupted into a revolution, and the present-day Islamic Republic of Iran was founded.

Handicrafts
Persian art and architecture reflects a 5,000-year-old cultural tradition shaped by the diverse cultures that have flourished on the vast Iranian plateau of modern-day Iran and Afghanistan. The history of Persian art can be divided into two distinct eras whose demarcation is the mid-7th century AD, when invading Arab armies brought about the conversion of the Persian people to Islam.

 

 

Architecture

Building first evolved out of the dynamics between needs (shelter, security, worship, etc.) and (available building materials and attendant skills). As human cultures developed and knowledge began to formalize through oral traditions and practices, building became a craft and “Architecture” is the name given to the most highly formalized and respected versions of that craft. It integrates the history, economy, social issues, culture and tradition of each society.

 

Persepolis Tchogha Zanbil Median naghsh-e jahan Takht-e Soleyman
Arg–e Bam Pasargadae Soltaniyeh Armenian Monastic

 

health tourism

The rapidly- growing practice of travelling across international borders to obtain health care is known as health tourism. It also refers pejoratively to the practice of healthcare providers travelling internationally to deliver healthcare. As more people around the world take an active interest in their health, a travel segment known as health tourism has evolved to fill customer needs.

Iran’s health tourism sector has a promising future, says the head of Parliament. Many Iranians used to go abroad for treatment, but now few do. Today, with the knowledge of Iranian doctors, who are among the world’s most qualified, and hospital facilities, many tourists travel to Iran for affordable, high- quality health services.

In the near future, Iran’s health tourism will turn into a promising industry that Iranians will be proud of. Many medical advances have been made by Iranian researches recently and Iran is one of the most progressive countries in the region in this regard.

Some people from neighboring Arab countries around the Persian Gulf come to Iran to seek health care services in the fields of cardiology, cosmetic surgery, fertility treatment, and organ transplantation.

Natural hot springs are fantastic phenomenon due to their healing properties, and always have been interesting for tourists, especially in Iran. Every year thousands of tourists come to Iran to bathe in mineral water pools to treat different skin and nervous diseases as well as for the water’s therapeutic qualities.

 
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